Bioclimatic architecture

As architecture studio in Madrid, with a team specialized in interior design in Madrid, in Aima Studio We are increasingly aware of the sustainability of our projects. Caring for the environment goes through the search for the use of sustainable materials and energy savings. And these are the main keys of the bioclimatic architecture.

What is bioclimatic arquitecture

Although the term sounds very novel, the truth is that bioclimatic architecture feeds on the essence of nature. more traditional architecture. We all know that the houses of the villages of Spain on the plateau were built in such a way that the thick walls protected from the heat in summer and from the cold in winter. As there were no artificial air conditioning possibilities, the only solution was to use the bioclimatic principles offered by the environment.

We can define bioclimatic architecture as that which takes into account both weather and environmental conditions to seek the highest degree of indoor and outdoor comfort. For this, it must take into account issues as essential as the orientation of the buildings and the natural resources provided by the environment. Sunlight, ventilation and local climate will be studied to make the most of natural resources. The use must also be sought made of natural and sustainable materials as far as possible, trying to achieve the highest degree of habitability and, of course, energy savings. For this, more up-to-date traditional materials and elements or systems will also be used.

It is clear that, when looking for adaptation to the environment, there are no universal formulas applicable to bioclimatic architecture. The architectural object must be integrated into a context. Therefore, each case will be unique and particular and there are many variables that will be taken into consideration. It is about rationalizing consumption as much as possible and reaching the most appropriate levels of well-being.

Constructions carried out with bioclimatic criteria reduce energy consumption, both during the construction process and later when they are inhabited. For this, not only the materials used are taken into account, but also their rationalization. Including the expenses of the transport process and also the cost of its natural reinsertion when its useful life ends trying to reduce CO2 emissions to the environment as much as possible.

Arquitectura bioclimática

Some criteria that bioclimatic architecture takes into account

Bioclimatic buildings use different design resources to make the most of the favorable weather and environmental conditions and try to avoid the negative aspects. During the project development process, a detailed study of all existing conditions, as well as the needs of the people who are going to occupy the space to optimize resources, reaching the required levels of comfort.

For this, it seeks to give the suitable dimensions both to the buildings and to the different rooms, thus optimizing the use of energy. The use of renewable materials such as wood, natural fibers or recycled materials. Smart materials are also used, such as tiles capable of storing heat or crystals that can be darkened. In addition, bioclimatic buildings tend to integrate renewable energy such as solar to reduce consumption.

On the other hand, another of the keys to bioclimatic architecture is the use of construction techniques that minimize the impact on the environment and reduce energy impact. For this, factors such as orientation, size, shape and height of the buildings are taken into account. Much care is taken with thermal insulation through the use of materials and construction elements that avoid energy losses in the envelope. It has ventilation systems that help to renew the air avoiding thermal losses. In certain environments, water and vegetation are used to reduce heat and create ideal humidity conditions, etc. as in the traditional architecture of certain climates.

We study designs that improve the comfort of buildings, helping to care for the environment and people's lives. As an architecture studio and interior design in Madrid, in Aima Studio, we also work to reduce the CO2 footprint in the projects we undertake.

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